A little Bible Archaeology  . . .


What is the importance of a good foundation?


Ruins of the Hanging Gardens





-         What is the importance of a good “foundation”?

-         What comes to mind when you think of a “good foundation”?

-         Have you ever watched a building being constructed from the foundations up?

-         Have you seen the earth being compacted, possibly piles driven, and then
    the foundations being poured?

-         Have you ever seen the ruins of an older building?

-         Who was Nebuchadnezzar?

-         Could this be one of “Nebuchadnezzar’s” ruins? 

-         How was Nebuchadnezzar tied to Babylon?

-         What foundation did Nebuchadnezzar lean on?

-    What lesson did Nebuchadnezzar learn?



What is the picture above?
Nebuchadnezzar's Southern Palace (190 x 300 m) is situated on the west side of this
major street, made up of five courtyards each surrounded by halls and a diversity of
chambers, one of which is the throne room (52 x 25 m) . . .  It should be noted that many
remains lie under the accumulations of later buildings . . .


Let’s take a look at related Scripture and a man named Nebuchadnezzar:






2 Kings 24:15 (NIV):
Nebuchadnezzar took Jehoiachin captive to Babylon. He also took from Jerusalem to
 Babylon the king's mother, his wives, his officials and the leading men of the land.

Note: That in 2 Kings 24 Nebuchadnezzar brought back to Babylon all of Jerusalem’s
wealth and all of its men of valor.

Daniel 1:1-2 (NIV):

1 In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah, Nebuchadnezzar king of
     Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it.

2 And the Lord delivered Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, along with some of the
    articles from the temple of God. These he carried off to the temple of his god in
     Babylonia and put in the treasure house of his god.

Daniel 3:1 (NIV):        The Image of Gold and the Fiery Furnace

 1 King Nebuchadnezzar made an image of gold, ninety feet high and nine feet wide,
     and set it up on the plain of Dura in the province of Babylon.


Daniel 4:28-33 (NIV):      The Dream Is Fulfilled

28 All this happened to King Nebuchadnezzar.
29 Twelve months later, as the king was walking on the roof of the royal palace of
30 he said, "Is not this the great Babylon I have built as the royal residence, by my
       mighty power and for the glory of my majesty?"
 31 The words were still on his lips when a voice came from heaven, "This is what is
      decreed for you, King Nebuchadnezzar: Your royal authority has been taken from
32 You will be driven away from people and will live with the wild animals; you will eat
      grass like cattle. Seven times will pass by for you until you acknowledge that the
      Most High is sovereign over the kingdoms of men and gives them to anyone he
 33 Immediately what had been said about Nebuchadnezzar was fulfilled. He was driven
      away from people and ate grass like cattle. His body was drenched with the dew of
      heaven until his hair grew like the feathers of an eagle and his nails like the claws of a

Later Nebuchadnezzar was restored, and stated the following . . .

Daniel 4:37 (NIV):


37 Now I, Nebuchadnezzar, praise and exalt and glorify the King of heaven, because
     everything he does is right and all his ways are just. And those who walk in pride
     he is able to humble.



What lesson did Nebuchadnezzar learn?



What foundation should Nebuchadnezzar
    have leaned on?



Additional related Bible references:

2 Kings 24; Daniel 1-5; many places in Jeremiah; Ezekiel 30:10;

2 Chronicles 36:7; Nehemiah 7:6; Ester 2:6; Ezra 1 & 5;




The following websites were accessed Dec. 22, 2006:





















A little more information found off the internet  . . .

Bible Archaeology: Cities of Ancient Empires
Bible Archaeology includes the capital cities of the major ancient empires. For instance,
the Hittite civilization is mentioned throughout the Old Testament as ruling the area of
present-day Turkey, Syria and Lebanon, yet nothing was known of these people outside
of the Bible. About 100 years ago, ancient Boghazkoy was discovered east of Ankara,
, which revealed itself as the expansive capital city of the Hittite Empire. Since
then, archaeologists have uncovered a wealth of information about the history, language
and culture of a people considered "imaginary" to many scholars prior to that time.
Babylon, the ancient capital of the Babylonian Empire, covers nearly 3,000 acres about
55 miles south of current-day Baghdad in Iraq. The ruins include the famous ziggurat
structures (ex., the Tower of Babel), the Palace of King Nebuchadnezzar, and the
enormous walls that measured 80 feet thick (wide enough to allow a four-horse chariot to
turn). The Bible tells us that Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Jerusalem in 586 BC and exiled
the Jews to Babylon for 70 years. The Philistines were known as one of the "Sea Peoples"
that constantly warred against the Israelites for control of early Canaan. Mentioned over
200 times in the Old Testament, the Philistines had a major fortified seaport at Ashkelon
on the Mediterranean Sea, which was discovered just north of present-day Gaza.
Nebuchadnezzar destroyed Ashkelon in 604 BC, as predicted by Jeremiah and other


Babylon and the Ishtar Gate:

The Ishtar Gate of Babylon was built during the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar II (604-
562 BC). The foundations of the gate were discovered between 1899 and 1914, including
numerous glazed bricks and unglazed figures. The entire Ishtar Gate was reconstructed to
a height of 47 feet and now resides at the Pergamon Museum in Berlin.

The Ishtar Gate is one of the most dramatic finds from ancient Babylonia. Covered with
dragons and bulls, Nebuchadnezzar dedicated the huge, ceremonial gate to the goddess
Ishtar. It was the main entrance to the inner streets and temples of Babylon. King
Nebuchadnezzar II was known for awesome building projects such as the restored temple
of Marduk and the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, which was considered one of the seven
wonders of the ancient world.



The Ishtar Gate and other Babylonian Archaeology & history . . .





King Hummurabi, the famous king and law-giver


Babylon, the legendary city, is indeed, the most famous ancient city in the whole World.
It was the capital of ten Mesopotamian dynasties starting with the dynasty of King
Hammurabi (1792-1750 BC); the 6th king of the 1st dynasty; reaching prominence as the
capital city of the great kingdom of Babylonia. The last dynasty at which Babylon
its zenith, is well known particularly of its 2nd king, Nebuchadnezzar II (605-
563 BC), to whom most of Babylon's existing buildings belongs.

Babylon was renowned for its high, well-fortified walls and for the magnificence of its
temples and palaces. Its famous Hanging Gardens, built by King Nebuchadnezzar II for
his wife Amytas, were one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Amytas was a Medes and
her home was in mountainous country, so the King reputedly had the Hanging Gardens
built to allay her homesickness.

Nowadays, its ruins covers about 302 km lying on the east bank of Euphrates 90 km south
of Baghdad and about 10 km north of Hilla. The most important of the standing
monuments of Babylon today are the Summer and Winter Palaces of King
Nebuchadnezzar II, the Ziggurat attached to it, the Street of Processions, the Lion of
Babylon, and the famous Ishtar Gate.

In Akkadian times, around 2350 BC, Babylon was a small village, which in 5 or 6
centuries had grown in size and importance, mostly during the reign of the 3rd Dynasty,
until it rose like a city meteor to deal the coup de grace to Sumerian authority in
Mesopotamia under Amorite kings. Babylon itself became a major city-state, as the
capital of the great Amorite soldier, the famous king, law-giver and social reformer King
Hammurabi, with a code of common law, and a king with genuine concern for the well-
being of his subjects - an unusual feature in those times.

Babylon was renowned for its high, well-fortified walls and for the magnificence of its
temples and palaces. Its famous Hanging Gardens, built by King Nebuchadnezzar II for
his wife Amytas, were one of the Seven Wonders of the World. Amytas was a Medes and
her home was in mountainous country, so the King reputedly had the Hanging Gardens
built to allay her homesickness.


What foundation should Nebuchadnezzar
    have leaned on?